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Building a Node.js Application with Sequelize

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  • Post last modified:February 19, 2024

In this tutorial, we will create a simple Node.js application that interacts with a relational database using Sequelize, an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) library for Node.js. Sequelize supports various database dialects including MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and MSSQL, making it versatile for a wide range of applications.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following installed on your system:

  • Node.js (with npm)
  • A relational database server (MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, etc.)
  • Basic knowledge of JavaScript and SQL

Step 1: Set Up a Node.js Project

Create a new directory for your project and navigate into it:

mkdir node-sequelize-tutorial
cd node-sequelize-tutorial

Initialize a new Node.js project using npm:

npm init -y

This will create a package.json file with default settings.

Step 2: Install Dependencies

Install Sequelize and the database driver for your preferred database (e.g., mysql2, pg, sqlite3):

npm install sequelize mysql2

Replace mysql2 with pg for PostgreSQL, or sqlite3 for SQLite, depending on your database choice.

Step 3: Set Up Sequelize Configuration

Create a new file named sequelize.js to configure Sequelize:

Replace 'database_name', 'username', and 'password' with your actual database credentials. Adjust the dialect, host, and port properties according to your database configuration.

Step 4: Define a Model

Create a new directory named models, and inside it, create a file named User.js:

This defines a User model with username and email fields.

Step 5: Synchronize the Database

Create a script to synchronize the database schema with the defined models:

Run the script using Node.js:

node sync-db.js

This will create the necessary tables in your database based on the defined models.

Step 6: Use Sequelize in Your Application

Now that the database is set up, you can use Sequelize to perform CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations in your application. Below is an example of using Sequelize to create a new user:

Run the script using Node.js:

node index.js

This will create a new user in the database with the specified username and email.


In this tutorial, you learned how to set up a Node.js project with Sequelize, define models, synchronize the database schema, and perform CRUD operations using Sequelize. Sequelize provides a powerful and flexible way to interact with relational databases in Node.js applications, making it a valuable tool for building robust and scalable applications. Experiment with different Sequelize features and explore its documentation to unleash the full potential of this library in your projects.

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