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XML SAX Parsing in Java: A Step-by-Step Tutorial

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  • Post last modified:January 4, 2024


The Simple API for XML (SAX) is a widely used event-driven XML parsing API in Java. SAX is memory-efficient and well-suited for processing large XML documents because it doesn’t load the entire document into memory. Instead, it reads the XML document sequentially, generating events as it encounters elements, attributes, and other XML constructs.

Step 1: Setting Up the Project

Create a new Java project in your preferred IDE or a simple text editor. Ensure you have a Java development environment set up.

Step 2: Create an XML File

Create a sample XML file named example.xml:

Step 3: Implement the SAX Parser

Create a Java class named SAXParserExample:

Step 4: Run the SAX Parser

Execute the main method in the SAXParserExample class. The SAX parser will read the example.xml file, and you’ll see the parsed XML elements, attributes, and text content printed to the console.


In this tutorial, you learned how to use the SAX parser in Java to parse an XML document. SAX provides an efficient way to process XML data sequentially, making it suitable for large XML files. You can extend the example to handle more complex XML structures and perform specific actions based on the parsed data. SAX is a powerful tool for XML parsing in Java, and understanding its fundamentals is crucial for working with XML data in various Java applications.

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