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Implementing Retry Logic in Spring Boot with Spring Retry

In distributed systems, network issues and transient failures are common challenges. To handle these scenarios gracefully, it’s essential to have retry mechanisms in place. Spring Retry, a subproject of the Spring Framework, provides a simple but powerful way to add retry capabilities to your Spring Boot applications. In this tutorial, we’ll explore how to integrate and use Spring Retry with a practical example.

What is Spring Retry?

Spring Retry is a Spring Framework module that provides declarative retry support for Spring applications. It allows you to add retry logic to methods without writing boilerplate code. With Spring Retry, you can define how many times a method should be retried, when to retry, and what exceptions to retry on.

Setting Up a Spring Boot Project

Let’s start by setting up a basic Spring Boot project. If you already have a Spring Boot project, you can skip this step.

Step 1: Create a New Spring Boot Project

You can use Spring Initializr ( or your preferred IDE to create a new Spring Boot project with the following dependencies:

  • Spring Web
  • Spring Retry

Step 2: Add Dependencies

If you’re using Maven, add the following dependencies to your pom.xml:

    <!-- Spring Web for RESTful web services -->

    <!-- Spring Retry for retry functionality -->

If you’re using Gradle, add these dependencies to your build.gradle:

dependencies {
    // Spring Web for RESTful web services
    implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web'

    // Spring Retry for retry functionality
    implementation 'org.springframework.retry:spring-retry'

Implementing Retry Logic

Now, let’s create a simple example where we fetch data from an external service that may occasionally fail due to network issues. We’ll use Spring Retry to automatically retry this operation in case of failure.

Step 1: Create a Service

First, create a service that simulates fetching data from an external service. This service will contain the method we want to retry.

import org.springframework.retry.annotation.Backoff;
import org.springframework.retry.annotation.Retryable;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class ExternalService {

    private static int counter = 0;

        value = {RuntimeException.class},
        maxAttempts = 3, // Retry up to 3 times
        backoff = @Backoff(delay = 1000)) // Wait 1 second between retries
    public String fetchData() {
        if (counter <= 2) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Service Unavailable");
        return "Data from external service";

In this example:

  • We’ve created an ExternalService with a fetchData() method.
  • The @Retryable annotation is applied to fetchData(), indicating that this method should be retried in case of RuntimeException.
  • maxAttempts specifies the maximum number of retry attempts (3 in this case).
  • backoff specifies the delay between retries (1 second delay in this case).

Step 2: Create a Controller

Next, create a simple REST controller to expose the fetchData() method:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

public class DataController {

    private ExternalService externalService;

    public String getData() {
        return externalService.fetchData();

Step 3: Running the Application

Now, when you run your Spring Boot application (@SpringBootApplication class), the retry logic will be in effect for the fetchData() method.

Step 4: Testing the Retry

To test the retry functionality, make a GET request to http://localhost:8080/data. The first two requests should fail with a “Service Unavailable” message (simulating the external service being down), and the third request should succeed with “Data from external service”.

Additional Configuration

You can further customize retry behavior by modifying the @Retryable annotation parameters:

  • maxAttempts: Maximum number of retry attempts.
  • value: Specify the exceptions to retry on.
  • backoff: Define backoff options such as delay and multiplier.


In this tutorial, you’ve learned how to integrate Spring Retry into a Spring Boot application to add retry logic for methods that may encounter transient failures. With Spring Retry, you can focus on defining the retry behavior declaratively without writing complex retry logic yourself.

Retry mechanisms are crucial for robust and fault-tolerant applications, especially when dealing with external services or network operations. By incorporating Spring Retry, you can handle transient failures gracefully, improving the reliability and resilience of your Spring Boot applications.

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