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Getting Started with Rust: Your First Rust Program Tutorial

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  • Post last modified:May 8, 2024

Rust is a modern, fast, and safe programming language that’s gaining popularity for its performance and memory safety features. If you’re new to Rust and wondering how to get started, you’re in the right place! In this tutorial, we’ll guide you through writing your first Rust program step by step, covering the basics of Rust syntax and concepts along the way.

Step 1: Install Rust
Before we dive into writing Rust code, you’ll need to install the Rust toolchain. Visit the official Rust website at and follow the instructions for your operating system.

Step 2: Set Up Your Development Environment
Once Rust is installed, set up your preferred code editor or IDE for Rust development. Popular choices include Visual Studio Code with the Rust extension, IntelliJ IDEA with the Rust plugin, or simply using the command line with a text editor like Vim or Emacs.

Step 3: Create a New Rust Project
Open your terminal or command prompt and navigate to the directory where you want to create your Rust project. Then, use the following command to create a new Rust project named “hello_rust”:

cargo new hello_rust

This command creates a new directory named “hello_rust” containing the necessary files for a Rust project.

Step 4: Write Your First Rust Program
Navigate into the “hello_rust” directory that was created and open the src/ file in your code editor. You’ll see the following autogenerated code:

fn main() {
    println!("Hello, world!");

This code defines a function named main that prints “Hello, world!” to the console using the println! macro. This is the traditional “Hello, world!” program that’s often used to demonstrate a new programming language.

Step 5: Run Your Rust Program
To run your Rust program, use the following command in your terminal:

cargo run

You should see the output “Hello, world!” printed to the console.

Step 6: Explore Rust Concepts
Congratulations! You’ve written and executed your first Rust program. As you continue your Rust journey, explore more advanced concepts such as ownership, borrowing, lifetimes, and pattern matching. The official Rust documentation, Rust programming books, and online tutorials are great resources to deepen your understanding of Rust.

In this tutorial, you learned how to write your first Rust program from scratch. You set up your development environment, created a new Rust project, wrote some basic Rust code, and ran your program successfully. Keep practicing and exploring Rust to unlock its full potential for your projects.

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