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Ultimate Guide to Angular Architecture: A Comprehensive Tutorial

Angular is a popular framework for building dynamic web applications. Understanding its architecture is crucial for developing scalable and maintainable applications. In this tutorial, we’ll explore the architecture of Angular 7 and discuss key concepts, best practices, and code examples.

Key Concepts of Angular 7 Architecture

1. Components

Components are the building blocks of Angular applications. They encapsulate the HTML templates, logic, and styles for a particular part of the UI. Each component consists of a TypeScript class and an HTML template.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-example',
  templateUrl: './example.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./example.component.css']
export class ExampleComponent {
  // Component logic goes here

2. Modules

Modules in Angular are used to organize the application into cohesive blocks of functionality. They group related components, directives, pipes, and services. The @NgModule decorator is used to define a module.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';
import { ExampleComponent } from './example.component';

  declarations: [ExampleComponent],
  imports: [CommonModule],
  exports: [ExampleComponent]
export class ExampleModule { }

3. Services

Services in Angular are singleton objects that are used to encapsulate reusable logic. They are injected into components or other services using Angular’s dependency injection system.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class ExampleService {
  // Service logic goes here

4. Directives

Directives in Angular allow you to attach behavior to elements in the DOM. There are three types of directives: component directives, structural directives, and attribute directives.

import { Directive, ElementRef } from '@angular/core';

  selector: '[appHighlight]'
export class HighlightDirective {
  constructor(private el: ElementRef) { = 'yellow';

Best Practices for Angular 7 Architecture

  1. Follow Modular Architecture: Divide your application into modules to keep it organized and maintainable.
  2. Use Lazy Loading: Utilize Angular’s lazy loading feature to load modules on-demand, improving the initial loading time of your application.
  3. Optimize Change Detection: Minimize the number of components that Angular needs to check for changes by using OnPush change detection strategy.
  4. Separation of Concerns: Keep your components focused on a single responsibility and move shared logic into services.
  5. Use Angular CLI: Take advantage of Angular CLI for generating components, services, modules, etc., and for building and serving your application.


Understanding Angular 7 architecture is essential for building scalable and maintainable applications. By following best practices and leveraging key concepts such as components, modules, services, and directives, you can develop robust Angular applications that meet the needs of your users.

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