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Getting Started with Rust Structs: A Comprehensive Tutorial

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  • Post last modified:May 12, 2024

Introduction to Rust Structs

In Rust programming, structs are used to create custom data types by bundling together multiple related fields. This tutorial will guide you through the fundamentals of Rust structs, covering their syntax, usage, and practical examples.

What are Rust Structs?

Structs, short for structures, are fundamental data types in Rust that allow you to define custom data structures. A struct can contain multiple fields of different data types.

Syntax of Rust Structs

The syntax for defining a struct in Rust is straightforward:

struct MyStruct {
    field1: Type1,
    field2: Type2,
    // More fields...

Here’s a breakdown of the syntax elements:

  • struct: Keyword indicating the declaration of a struct.
  • MyStruct: Name of the struct.
  • field1, field2, etc.: Fields of the struct.
  • Type1, Type2, etc.: Data types of the fields.

Declaring and Using Rust Structs

Let’s create a simple example to illustrate how to declare and use structs in Rust:

struct Person {
    name: String,
    age: u32,

fn main() {
    let person1 = Person {
        name: String::from("Alice"),
        age: 30,

    println!("{} is {} years old.",, person1.age);

In this example, we define a Person struct with name and age fields. Then, we create an instance of Person named person1 and initialize its fields. Finally, we print out the values of the name and age fields.

Implementing Methods for Rust Structs

You can also define methods for structs in Rust. Methods are functions that operate on the struct instance.

impl Person {
    fn say_hello(&self) {
        println!("Hello, my name is {}.",;

fn main() {
    let person1 = Person {
        name: String::from("Bob"),
        age: 25,


In this example, we implement a method say_hello for the Person struct, which prints a greeting message using the name field.


Rust structs are powerful constructs for organizing and manipulating data in Rust programs. By understanding their syntax and usage, you can leverage the full potential of structs to build efficient and maintainable Rust applications.

Now that you’ve learned the basics of Rust structs, experiment with creating your own custom data types and incorporating them into your Rust projects!

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