The Spring Framework provides powerful features for building flexible and modular applications. One such feature is the
@Conditional annotation, which allows you to conditionally enable or disable certain components based on specific conditions. In this tutorial, we’ll delve into the usage of
@Conditional with practical code examples to better understand its capabilities.
- Basic knowledge of the Spring Framework.
- A Java development environment set up with Spring dependencies.
@Conditional annotation is used at the class level to conditionally enable or disable a component. It is often combined with other conditions to achieve more complex scenarios.
Let’s start with a simple example where we conditionally enable a bean based on a system property.
In this example,
MyBean will be created only if the system property
enableMyBean is set to
Using multiple conditions:
You can combine multiple conditions using the
@ConditionalOn... annotations provided by Spring Boot.
In this case, the
MyFeature bean will be created only if the property
myapp.feature.enabled is set to
true and the class
com.example.SomeClass is present in the classpath.
You can create custom conditions by implementing the
Condition interface. Let’s create a custom condition that checks the availability of a specific bean.
In this example, the
MyConfiguration class will be conditionally enabled only if the bean named
requiredBean is available.
@Conditional annotation in Spring provides a powerful mechanism for creating flexible and adaptive configurations. By using conditions, you can control the instantiation of beans based on various factors, enhancing the modularity and configurability of your Spring applications.