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Optimizing Database Performance: A Guide to Connection Pooling with Hikari CP for Enterprise Java Applications

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  • Post last modified:May 8, 2024

Introduction to Connection Pooling

In enterprise Java applications, managing database connections efficiently is crucial for performance optimization. Connection pooling is a technique that can significantly enhance application responsiveness by reusing existing database connections rather than establishing new ones for each request. In this tutorial, we’ll delve into connection pooling and explore how to integrate Hikari CP, a high-performance connection pool for Java, into your enterprise applications.

What is Hikari CP?

HikariCP is a widely-used, high-performance JDBC connection pool for Java applications. It offers several advantages over other connection pool implementations, including low-latency operation, minimal overhead, and robust configuration options. Integrating Hikari CP into your Java application can improve database performance and scalability.

Step-by-Step Guide

1. Adding Hikari CP Dependency

Start by adding the Hikari CP dependency to your project’s build configuration. If you’re using Maven, add the following dependency to your pom.xml:


For Gradle users, include the following dependency in your build.gradle file:

implementation 'com.zaxxer:HikariCP:4.0.3'

2. Configuring HikariDataSource

Next, configure the HikariDataSource in your application. Here’s an example configuration in a Spring Boot file:


Adjust the URL, username, password, and other properties according to your database setup.

3. Using HikariDataSource in Java Code

Now, let’s see how to use HikariDataSource in your Java code. Below is a simple example of obtaining a connection from the HikariDataSource and executing a query:

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource;

public class DatabaseManager {

    private static HikariDataSource dataSource;

    static {
        dataSource = new HikariDataSource();
        // Configure dataSource (e.g., setJdbcUrl, setUsername, setPassword)

    public static Connection getConnection() throws SQLException {
        return dataSource.getConnection();

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try (Connection connection = DatabaseManager.getConnection()) {
            PreparedStatement statement = connection.prepareStatement("SELECT * FROM my_table");
            ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery();
            while ( {
                // Process results
        } catch (SQLException ex) {

4. Customizing Hikari CP Configuration

Hikari CP provides extensive configuration options to fine-tune its behavior according to your application’s requirements. You can customize parameters such as maximum pool size, connection timeout, and connection validation settings. Refer to the Hikari CP documentation for a comprehensive list of configuration options.


In this tutorial, we’ve explored how to leverage Hikari CP for connection pooling in enterprise Java applications. By implementing connection pooling with Hikari CP, you can enhance your application’s database performance, scalability, and resource utilization. Incorporate these techniques into your projects to achieve optimal performance and reliability in your database interactions.

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