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Understanding FactoryBeanNotInitializedException in Spring Boot

In Spring Boot, the FactoryBeanNotInitializedException is a specific type of FatalBeanException that indicates a failure in the initialization of a FactoryBean. To understand this exception, it’s essential to grasp the concept of FactoryBean and how it fits into the Spring framework.

What is a FactoryBean?

A FactoryBean is a special bean in the Spring framework that serves as a factory for creating other beans. It allows for the encapsulation of complex bean creation logic. Instead of defining a bean directly in the configuration, a FactoryBean can be used to encapsulate the creation logic and configuration.

The FactoryBeanNotInitializedException

The FactoryBeanNotInitializedException occurs when the Spring container tries to use a FactoryBean that has not been properly initialized. This can happen for several reasons:

  1. The FactoryBean itself has dependencies that are not yet satisfied.
  2. The FactoryBean is not properly configured.
  3. There is a circular dependency involving the FactoryBean.

Example Scenario

Let’s illustrate this with an example.

Step 1: Define a FactoryBean

Suppose we have a Car class and we want to use a FactoryBean to create instances of Car.

public class Car {
    private String model;
    private String manufacturer;

    // getters and setters

Now, we create a CarFactoryBean:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.FactoryBean;

public class CarFactoryBean implements FactoryBean<Car> {
    private String model;
    private String manufacturer;

    public void setModel(String model) {
        this.model = model;

    public void setManufacturer(String manufacturer) {
        this.manufacturer = manufacturer;

    public Car getObject() throws Exception {
        Car car = new Car();
        return car;

    public Class<?> getObjectType() {
        return Car.class;

    public boolean isSingleton() {
        return true;

Step 2: Configure the FactoryBean in Spring Configuration

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

public class AppConfig {

    public CarFactoryBean carFactoryBean() {
        CarFactoryBean carFactoryBean = new CarFactoryBean();
        carFactoryBean.setModel("Model S");
        return carFactoryBean;

Step 3: Using the FactoryBean

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class CarService {

    private final Car car;

    public CarService(Car car) { = car;

    public void printCarDetails() {
        System.out.println("Car model: " + car.getModel());
        System.out.println("Car manufacturer: " + car.getManufacturer());

Possible Causes of FactoryBeanNotInitializedException

  1. Uninitialized FactoryBean
  2. Circular Dependencies

Handling FactoryBeanNotInitializedException

To handle FactoryBeanNotInitializedException, ensure the following:

  1. Proper Configuration
  2. Avoid Circular Dependencies
  3. Initialization Order

By following these practices, you can effectively avoid FactoryBeanNotInitializedException and ensure that your Spring Boot application runs smoothly.

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