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Implementing JWT Authentication in a Spring Boot 3 Application: A Comprehensive Tutorial


JSON Web Token (JWT) is a popular method for securely transmitting information between parties as a JSON object. In this tutorial, we’ll walk through the process of implementing JWT authentication in a Spring Boot 3 application to secure your APIs.


Before getting started, ensure you have the following:

  • Basic knowledge of Spring Boot and RESTful APIs.
  • JDK installed on your machine.
  • Maven or Gradle installed for dependency management.

Step 1: Setting Up the Spring Boot Project

First, let’s create a new Spring Boot project. You can use Spring Initializr or your preferred IDE to create a new project with the necessary dependencies:

<!-- pom.xml -->
    <!-- Spring Boot Starter Web -->
    <!-- Spring Boot Starter Security -->
    <!-- jjwt for JWT support -->
    <!-- Spring Boot Starter Data JPA (if needed) -->
    <!-- Add other dependencies as required -->

Step 2: Configuring Spring Security for JWT Authentication

Next, let’s configure Spring Security to use JWT authentication. Create a class JwtConfigurer:

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

public class JwtConfigurer extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    private JwtTokenProvider jwtTokenProvider;

    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.addFilterBefore(new JwtTokenFilter(jwtTokenProvider), UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class);

    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
        return NoOpPasswordEncoder.getInstance();

Step 3: Creating JWT Token Provider

Now, let’s create a class JwtTokenProvider to generate and validate JWT tokens:

import io.jsonwebtoken.Jwts;
import io.jsonwebtoken.SignatureAlgorithm;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.util.Date;

public class JwtTokenProvider {

    private String jwtSecret;

    private int jwtExpiration;

    public String generateToken(Authentication authentication) {
        UserPrincipal userPrincipal = (UserPrincipal) authentication.getPrincipal();
        Date now = new Date();
        Date expiryDate = new Date(now.getTime() + jwtExpiration);

        return Jwts.builder()
                .setIssuedAt(new Date())
                .signWith(SignatureAlgorithm.HS512, jwtSecret)

    // Implement methods for token validation, retrieval of user id from token, etc.

Step 4: Creating JWT Token Filter

Create a class JwtTokenFilter to intercept requests and validate JWT tokens:

import org.springframework.web.filter.GenericFilterBean;

import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

public class JwtTokenFilter extends GenericFilterBean {

    private JwtTokenProvider jwtTokenProvider;

    public JwtTokenFilter(JwtTokenProvider jwtTokenProvider) {
        this.jwtTokenProvider = jwtTokenProvider;

    public void doFilter(ServletRequest req, ServletResponse res, FilterChain filterChain)
            throws IOException, ServletException {
        String token = jwtTokenProvider.resolveToken((HttpServletRequest) req);
        if (token != null && jwtTokenProvider.validateToken(token)) {
            Authentication auth = jwtTokenProvider.getAuthentication(token);
            if (auth != null) {
        filterChain.doFilter(req, res);

Step 5: Securing Endpoints and Generating JWT Tokens

Now, you can secure your endpoints and generate JWT tokens. For example:

public class AuthController {

    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    private JwtTokenProvider jwtTokenProvider;

    public ResponseEntity<?> authenticate(@RequestBody LoginRequest loginRequest) {
        Authentication authentication = authenticationManager.authenticate(
                new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(loginRequest.getUsername(), loginRequest.getPassword()));
        String jwt = jwtTokenProvider.generateToken(authentication);
        return ResponseEntity.ok(new JwtAuthenticationResponse(jwt));


Congratulations! You’ve successfully implemented JWT authentication in your Spring Boot 3 application. Now, your APIs are secure and ready to be consumed.

This tutorial covered the basic implementation of JWT authentication. Further enhancements can be made based on your application’s specific requirements, such as token expiration handling, role-based access control, and token refreshing mechanisms. Explore the possibilities and customize according to your needs.

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