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Java Math Class

Math class in Java

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  • Post last modified:March 10, 2024

The class Math contains methods for performing basic numeric operations such as the elementary exponential, logarithm, square root, and trigonometric functions.

Java provides a robust set of mathematical operations through the java.lang.Math class. This class is part of the core Java API and contains static methods for various common mathematical functions. In this article, we’ll explore the functionalities provided by the Java Math class and how to use them in your Java programs.

By default many of the Math methods simply call the equivalent method in StrictMath for their implementation. Code generators are encouraged to use platform-specific native libraries or microprocessor instructions, where available, to provide higher-performance implementations of Math methods. Such higher-performance implementations still must conform to the specification for Math.

Unlike some of the StrictMath class numeric methods, all implementations of the equivalent function of Math class can’t define to return the bit-for-bit same results. Therefore Java also contains the Java Math class which contains methods for performing more advanced math calculations in Java.


Here are some of the commonly used methods of the Math class along with code examples:

Basic Arithmetic Methods

The Math Class includes methods for basic arithmetic operations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. These methods take primitive numeric types as parameters and return the result of the operation. Here are some examples:

Trigonometric Methods

Java Math class includes trigonometric functions for working with angles. These functions work with angles in radians:


The java.lang.Math class is a valuable resource for performing common mathematical operations in Java. By leveraging the static methods provided by this class, developers can efficiently implement various mathematical computations in their applications.

Whether you need to perform basic arithmetic, work with exponential and logarithmic functions, or handle trigonometric calculations, the Math class has you covered. Make sure to consult the documentation for a comprehensive list of methods and their descriptions: Java Math Class Documentation.

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