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Getting Started: Writing Your First Spring Application


In this tutorial, we’ll walk through the process of creating your first Spring application. Spring is one of the most popular frameworks for building enterprise-level Java applications. It provides comprehensive infrastructure support and helps you focus more on your application’s business logic rather than dealing with the intricacies of infrastructure code.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following installed:

  1. Java Development Kit (JDK) installed on your machine
  2. A Java IDE (Integrated Development Environment) such as IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, or Spring Tool Suite (STS)
  3. Basic understanding of Java programming language

Setting Up Your Project

Let’s start by setting up a new Spring project in your IDE. We’ll use Spring Boot, which is a project within the Spring ecosystem that simplifies the configuration and setup of Spring applications.

  1. Open your IDE and create a new Maven or Gradle project.
  2. Add the necessary dependencies for Spring Boot in your project’s build configuration file (pom.xml for Maven or build.gradle for Gradle). You can find the latest dependencies on the Spring Initializr website.
  3. Once you’ve added the dependencies, refresh your project to ensure that all dependencies are downloaded.

Creating a Simple Spring Application

Now that we have our project set up, let’s create a simple Spring application with a RESTful endpoint.

  1. Create a new Java class named HelloController in your project’s source folder.
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

public class HelloController {

    public String sayHello() {
        return "Hello, Spring!";

In this class, we’ve created a simple REST controller with a single endpoint /hello that returns the string “Hello, Spring!”.

  1. Run your Spring application. If you’re using Spring Boot, you can run the application by executing the main method of your main class.
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

public class MyFirstSpringApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {, args);

Testing Your Application

Once your application is up and running, you can test the endpoint by opening a web browser or using a tool like Postman and navigating to http://localhost:8080/hello. You should see the message “Hello, Spring!” displayed in the response.


In this tutorial, you learned how to set up a new Spring project, create a simple REST controller, and run the application. Spring offers a vast array of features for building robust and scalable applications, and this is just the beginning of your journey with Spring framework.

Feel free to explore more advanced features and dive deeper into the Spring documentation to unlock the full potential of this powerful framework.

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