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Integrating Liquibase with Spring Boot for Database Migrations

introduction :

This tutorial will guide you through setting up a Spring Boot application and integrating Liquibase for database version control.


  1. Basic understanding of Java and Spring Boot.
  2. An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) like IntelliJ or Eclipse installed.
  3. A database (e.g., PostgreSQL, MySQL) installed and running.
  4. Maven or Gradle installed for dependency management.

Step 1: Create a Spring Boot Project
Use Spring Initializer to create a new Spring Boot project with the following dependencies:

  • Spring Web
  • Spring Data JPA
  • H2 Database (or the database of your choice)

Step 2: Configure Database in
Open src/main/resources/ (or application.yml) and configure your database connection details. For example, with H2:


Step 3: Add Liquibase Dependency
Add the Liquibase dependency to your pom.xml (if using Maven) or build.gradle (if using Gradle):

For Maven:


For Gradle:

implementation 'org.liquibase:liquibase-core'

Step 4: Create Liquibase Change Log File
Create a new folder in src/main/resources named db/changelog and add a new Liquibase change log file, for example, changelog.xml. In this file, you will define your database changes using Liquibase syntax.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

    <changeSet id="1" author="your_name">
        <!-- Add your database changes here -->
        <createTable tableName="example_table">
            <column name="id" type="BIGINT" autoIncrement="true">
                <constraints primaryKey="true" nullable="false"/>
            <column name="name" type="VARCHAR(255)"/>


Step 5: Configure Liquibase in
Update your file to tell Spring Boot where to find the Liquibase change log:


Step 6: Run the Spring Boot Application
Run your Spring Boot application. Liquibase will automatically apply the database changes specified in your change log file.

Step 7: Verify the Database Changes
Check your database to ensure that the changes have been applied. You should see a new table named example_table with columns id and name.

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