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Mastering C# Data Types: A Comprehensive Tutorial with Examples

Introduction to C# Data Types

In C#, data types are crucial components that define the type of data a variable can hold. Understanding them is fundamental to writing efficient and bug-free code. This tutorial will walk you through the various data types in C#, from the simplest to the more complex, accompanied by code examples to illustrate each concept.

1. Basic Data Types

Integers (int, uint, short, ushort, long, ulong): Integers are used to represent whole numbers without any fractional component.

int age = 30;
uint distance = 1500;
short temperature = -10;
long population = 7896541230;

Floating-Point Numbers (float, double, decimal): Floating-point numbers represent real numbers with fractional parts.

float height = 5.8f;
double weight = 68.5;
decimal price = 99.99m;

Characters (char): Char data type represents a single Unicode character.

char grade = 'A';

Boolean (bool): Boolean data type represents true or false values.

bool isStudent = true;
bool hasPassed = false;

2. Advanced Data Types

Strings (string): String data type represents a sequence of characters.

string name = "John Doe";

Structs: Structs are lightweight data structures that can contain members such as fields, properties, and methods.

struct Point
    public int X;
    public int Y;

Enums: Enums are strongly typed constants that allow you to define a set of named integral constants.

enum Days { Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday };
Days today = Days.Monday;

3. Type Conversion

C# provides implicit and explicit type conversions to convert data from one type to another.

int num1 = 10;
float num2 = num1; // Implicit conversion
int num3 = (int)num2; // Explicit conversion

4. Conclusion

Mastering C# data types is essential for writing robust and efficient code. By understanding the various data types and their applications, you can make informed decisions while designing your programs. Experiment with the provided code examples and explore further to deepen your understanding of C# data types.

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