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Getting Started with Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails, often called Rails, is a popular open-source web application framework written in Ruby. It follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern and provides a set of conventions for rapid development. In this tutorial, we’ll cover the basics of Ruby on Rails and guide you through creating a simple web application.


  • Basic understanding of Ruby programming language
  • Ruby installed on your machine
  • Rails installed (installation instructions available on the Rails website)

Step 1: Create a New Rails Application

Open your terminal and run the following command to create a new Rails application:

rails new myapp

This will create a new directory called myapp with a basic Rails application structure.

Step 2: Navigate to Your Rails Application

Navigate to the newly created application directory:

cd myapp

Step 3: Generate a Scaffold

Let’s generate a simple scaffold for managing a list of items. In this example, we’ll create a Task model with a title and description.

3.1 Generate Scaffold

Run the following command to generate the scaffold:

rails generate scaffold Task title:string description:text

3.2 Run Database Migrations

After generating the scaffold, run the database migrations to create the necessary tables in the database:

rails db:migrate

Step 4: Start the Rails Server

You can now start the Rails server to see your application in action:

rails server

Visit http://localhost:3000/tasks in your web browser, and you should see the generated scaffold for managing tasks.

Step 5: Customize Views (Optional)

5.1 Update the Task Form

Navigate to app/views/tasks/_form.html.erb and customize the form fields if needed.

5.2 Customize the Task Index Page

Navigate to app/views/tasks/index.html.erb to customize the task listing page.

5.3 Add Additional Features

You can add features like authentication, validations, and more based on your application requirements.

Step 6: Create a Controller (Optional)

If you want to add more functionality, you can create a custom controller and routes.

6.1 Generate a Controller

rails generate controller Welcome index

This command generates a Welcome controller with an index action.

6.2 Update Routes

In config/routes.rb, you can define routes to map URLs to controller actions:

Rails.application.routes.draw do
  resources :tasks
  root 'welcome#index'

This sets the root URL of your application to the index action of the Welcome controller.

Step 7: Run Your Application

Restart the Rails server if it’s not already running:

rails server

Visit http://localhost:3000 in your browser to see your Rails application.

Step 8: Conclusion

This tutorial covers the essential steps to get started with Rails, including generating a scaffold, running migrations, starting the server, and customizing views. Rails provides many features and conventions to help you build powerful web applications efficiently. Explore the Rails Guides for more in-depth tutorials and documentation.

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