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Spring Boot @Lazy Annotation

Welcome to our guide on leveraging the Spring Boot @Lazy annotation to optimize your application’s performance and resource management. In this comprehensive exploration, we’ll delve into the benefits and implementation of lazily initializing beans in Spring Boot projects.

1. Adding @Lazy Annotation

Let’s say we have a simple Spring Boot application with a couple of beans. We want to lazy-initialize one of these beans using the @Lazy annotation.

1.1. Create a Spring Boot Project

If you haven’t already set up a Spring Boot project, you can do so by using Spring Initializr or any preferred method. Make sure you include the necessary dependencies, such as spring-boot-starter-web, to create a basic Spring Boot application.

1.2. Create Beans

For demonstration, let’s create two beans: one lazy and one eager.

Eager Bean
package com.example.lazydemo.beans;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class EagerBean {
    public EagerBean() {
        System.out.println("EagerBean Initialized!");

    public void doSomething() {
        System.out.println("EagerBean doing something...");
Lazy Bean
package com.example.lazydemo.beans;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Lazy;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class LazyBean {
    public LazyBean() {
        System.out.println("LazyBean Initialized!");

    public void doSomething() {
        System.out.println("LazyBean doing something...");

1.3. Create a Service

Next, let’s create a simple service that autowires both beans and uses them.


import com.example.lazydemo.beans.EagerBean;
import com.example.lazydemo.beans.LazyBean;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class MyService {
    private final EagerBean eagerBean;
    private final LazyBean lazyBean;

    public MyService(EagerBean eagerBean, LazyBean lazyBean) {
        this.eagerBean = eagerBean;
        this.lazyBean = lazyBean;

    public void doSomething() {

1.4. Main Application

Finally, create a main class to run the application:

package com.example.lazydemo;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;

public class LazyDemoApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ConfigurableApplicationContext context =, args);
        MyService myService = context.getBean(MyService.class);

2. Running the Application

When you run the application, you will see the following output:

EagerBean Initialized!
LazyBean Initialized!
EagerBean doing something...
LazyBean doing something...


  • EagerBean is eagerly initialized because it is created along with the context.
  • LazyBean, on the other hand, is lazily initialized. This means it won’t be created until it is needed. In this case, it’s needed when MyService is constructed.

When to Use @Lazy

You might consider using @Lazy in the following scenarios:

  • Expensive Resource Initialization: If creating the bean is time-consuming or resource-intensive, you can delay its creation until necessary.
  • Circular Dependencies: If you have circular dependencies between beans, @Lazy can help resolve initialization issues.
  • Startup Optimization: For beans that are not always needed during application startup, delaying their creation can improve startup time.


In this tutorial, you’ve learned how to use the @Lazy annotation in a Spring Boot application. By marking a bean as @Lazy, you can control when the bean is initialized, allowing for more efficient resource management and better performance in certain scenarios.

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