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TypeScript Strings: A Comprehensive Guide with Examples

Strings are fundamental data types in TypeScript, just as in JavaScript. They represent textual data and are widely used in programming for tasks such as displaying messages, manipulating text, and more. In this tutorial, we’ll delve into various aspects of working with strings in TypeScript, covering essential operations and best practices.

1. Declaring Strings

In TypeScript, you can declare strings using single quotes (‘), double quotes (“), or template literals (“). Here’s how you can declare strings:

let singleQuotes: string = 'Hello, TypeScript!';
let doubleQuotes: string = "Hello, TypeScript!";
let templateLiteral: string = `Hello, TypeScript!`;

2. String Concatenation

Concatenating strings is a common operation. TypeScript supports the + operator for concatenation:

let firstName: string = 'John';
let lastName: string = 'Doe';
let fullName: string = firstName + ' ' + lastName;
console.log(fullName); // Output: John Doe

3. String Interpolation

Template literals allow for string interpolation, enabling you to embed expressions within strings:

let age: number = 30;
let message: string = `I am ${age} years old.`;
console.log(message); // Output: I am 30 years old.

4. String Length

To find the length of a string, you can use the length property:

let str: string = 'Hello, TypeScript!';
console.log(str.length); // Output: 17

5. Accessing Characters

You can access individual characters of a string using square brackets notation ([]):

let str: string = 'Hello';
console.log(str[0]); // Output: H
console.log(str[1]); // Output: e

6. String Methods

TypeScript provides various methods to manipulate strings, such as toUpperCase(), toLowerCase(), charAt(), substring(), indexOf(), replace(), and more. Here’s an example of using some of these methods:

let message: string = 'Hello, TypeScript!';
console.log(message.toUpperCase()); // Output: HELLO, TYPESCRIPT!
console.log(message.toLowerCase()); // Output: hello, typescript!
console.log(message.charAt(0));      // Output: H
console.log(message.substring(0, 5)); // Output: Hello
console.log(message.indexOf('Type')); // Output: 7
console.log(message.replace('TypeScript', 'JavaScript')); // Output: Hello, JavaScript!


Strings play a crucial role in TypeScript programming. By understanding how to work with strings effectively, you can handle various tasks related to textual data manipulation. In this tutorial, we covered string declaration, concatenation, interpolation, length, accessing characters, and common string methods. Practice these concepts to become proficient in working with strings in TypeScript.

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