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Beginner’s Guide to Learning Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) with Code Examples

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Introduction to Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB)

Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is a server-side component architecture for building distributed enterprise applications in Java. It provides a powerful and scalable platform for developing business logic that can be deployed on Java EE (Enterprise Edition) application servers.

Key Concepts:

  1. Session Beans: Used to implement business logic and are typically used to perform tasks such as calculations, data processing, and database operations.
  2. Entity Beans: Represent persistent data in the application’s backend database.
  3. Message-Driven Beans: Used for asynchronous processing of messages.

Setting Up Your Environment

Before diving into EJB development, ensure you have the following prerequisites installed:

  • Java Development Kit (JDK)
  • Java EE application server (e.g., GlassFish, WildFly, or Apache TomEE)
  • IDE (Integrated Development Environment) like Eclipse or IntelliJ IDEA

Creating a Simple Session Bean

Let’s start by creating a simple session bean that calculates the sum of two numbers.

import javax.ejb.Stateless;

public class CalculatorBean implements Calculator {
    public int add(int a, int b) {
        return a + b;

The @Stateless annotation denotes that this bean is stateless, meaning it does not maintain conversational state with clients.

Accessing the Session Bean

Now, let’s create a client to access our session bean.

import javax.ejb.EJB;

public class CalculatorClient {
    private Calculator calculator;

    public void performCalculation() {
        int result = calculator.add(10, 5);
        System.out.println("Sum: " + result);

The @EJB annotation injects the Calculator bean into the client.

Deploying and Testing

  1. Build your project and package the session bean into a deployable archive (e.g., WAR or JAR).
  2. Deploy the archive to your Java EE application server.
  3. Run the client application to test the functionality of the session bean.


Congratulations! You’ve learned the basics of Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) development. Keep exploring more advanced features like transaction management, security, and asynchronous processing to leverage the full potential of EJB in enterprise applications.

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