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Getting Started with Yarn

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  • Post last modified:March 31, 2024

Yarn is a fast, reliable, and secure package manager for Node.js applications. It provides an alternative to npm for managing dependencies and has become widely adopted in the JavaScript ecosystem. In this tutorial, we’ll cover the basics of installing Yarn and using it to manage packages in a Node.js project.

Table of Contents

  1. Installation
  2. Creating a New Project
  3. Installing Packages
  4. Updating Packages
  5. Removing Packages
  6. Listing Installed Packages
  7. Yarn Workspaces
  8. Conclusion

1. Installation

Yarn can be installed globally on your system using npm, or you can use npm to install it locally in your project.

Global Installation with npm

npm install -g yarn

Local Installation in Project

npm install yarn

2. Creating a New Project

To create a new project with Yarn, navigate to the desired directory and run:

yarn init

Follow the prompts to enter details about your project, such as name, version, description, entry point, etc. This will create a package.json file in your project directory.

3. Installing Packages

You can install packages using Yarn with the following command:

yarn add package-name

For example:

yarn add react react-dom

This will install the specified packages and add them to your package.json as dependencies.

4. Updating Packages

To update packages to their latest versions:

yarn upgrade

You can also update specific packages:

yarn upgrade package-name

5. Removing Packages

To remove a package from your project:

yarn remove package-name

For example:

yarn remove react

6. Listing Installed Packages

To list all installed packages in your project:

yarn list

For a more detailed list:

yarn list --depth=0

7. Yarn Workspaces

Yarn Workspaces allow you to manage multiple packages within a single repository. This is particularly useful for monorepos where you have multiple related packages.

Setting up Workspaces

To use Yarn Workspaces, add a workspaces field in your package.json:

  "name": "my-monorepo",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "workspaces": [

This configuration tells Yarn to look for packages in the packages directory.

Creating Workspaces

Create a directory for your workspace packages:

mkdir packages
cd packages

Then create individual packages within the packages directory:

mkdir package1 package2

Installing Dependencies

In the root of your project, install dependencies for all workspaces:

yarn install

Running Commands in Workspaces

You can run commands in individual workspaces:

yarn workspace package1 run start

This command runs the start script in the package1 workspace.

8. Conclusion

Yarn is a powerful and efficient package manager for managing dependencies in Node.js projects. In this tutorial, we covered the basics of installing Yarn, creating a new project, installing, updating, and removing packages, listing installed packages, and using Yarn Workspaces for managing multiple packages within a single repository. Yarn simplifies the process of managing dependencies and is a valuable tool for modern JavaScript development workflows.

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