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Getting Started with Java Hibernate

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  • Post last modified:May 3, 2024


Hibernate is a popular and powerful object-relational mapping (ORM) framework for Java. It simplifies database interactions by providing a high-level, object-oriented API for persisting Java objects to relational databases. In this tutorial, we’ll explore the basics of Hibernate and walk through practical examples to illustrate its usage.


Before proceeding with the examples, ensure you have the following:

  1. Java Development Kit (JDK) installed (version 8 or higher).
  2. Integrated Development Environment (IDE) such as Eclipse, IntelliJ, or NetBeans.
  3. Hibernate library (JAR files) added to your project.

Example 1: Setting Up Hibernate Configuration

  1. Create Hibernate Configuration File (hibernate.cfg.xml):

Replace the database URL, username, and password with your own database connection details.

  1. Create Hibernate Util Class:

Example 2: Creating and Persisting Entities

  1. Create Entity Class:
  1. Persisting Entities:

Example 3: Retrieving Entities


This tutorial covered the basics of setting up Hibernate, creating entities, and persisting/retrieving data from a database. Hibernate simplifies database interactions by providing a convenient and object-oriented approach to working with databases. As you delve deeper into Hibernate, you’ll explore advanced features such as relationships mapping, querying with HQL (Hibernate Query Language), and more. Happy coding!

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