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Getting Started with EasyMock: A Beginner’s Tutorial with Code Examples

Introduction to EasyMock

EasyMock is a Java library used for creating mock objects for testing purposes. It allows developers to simulate the behavior of dependencies in a controlled environment, making it easier to isolate and test specific components of an application. In this tutorial, we’ll explore the basics of EasyMock and demonstrate how to use it effectively.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following installed:

  • Java Development Kit (JDK) version 8 or higher
  • Apache Maven (optional, for managing dependencies)


EasyMock can be easily integrated into your Java project using Maven. Add the following dependency to your pom.xml file:


Alternatively, you can download the EasyMock JAR file from the official website and add it to your project’s classpath.

Creating Mock Objects

Let’s start by creating a simple Java class that we want to test. We’ll then use EasyMock to create a mock object for this class.

public class Calculator {
    public int add(int a, int b) {
        return a + b;

Now, let’s write a test case using EasyMock to mock the Calculator class:

import static org.easymock.EasyMock.*;

import org.junit.Test;

public class CalculatorTest {

    public void testAdd() {
        // Create a mock object for the Calculator class
        Calculator calculatorMock = createMock(Calculator.class);

        // Define the behavior of the mock object
        expect(calculatorMock.add(2, 3)).andReturn(5);

        // Replay the mock object

        // Call the method under test
        int result = calculatorMock.add(2, 3);

        // Verify the result
        assertEquals(5, result);

        // Verify that the mock object's methods were called as expected

In this example, we:

  1. Created a mock object for the Calculator class using createMock.
  2. Defined the expected behavior of the add method using expect and andReturn.
  3. Called the method under test (add) with the desired arguments.
  4. Verified that the result is as expected.
  5. Verified that the mock object’s methods were called as expected using verify.


Congratulations! You’ve learned how to use EasyMock to create mock objects for testing Java applications. By mocking dependencies, you can write more reliable and maintainable tests that isolate specific components of your codebase. Experiment with different scenarios and explore the advanced features of EasyMock to enhance your testing experience. Happy coding!

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