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Building Microservices with Spring Boot and Consul Integration

Spring Cloud Consul is a popular choice for service discovery and configuration management in Spring Boot applications. This tutorial will guide you through the process of setting up a Spring Boot application with Consul integration, including service registration, discovery, and configuration.

Step 1: Set up a Spring Boot Project

Start by creating a new Spring Boot project. You can use Spring Initializr ( or your preferred IDE to generate a new project with the following dependencies:

  • Spring Web
  • Spring Cloud Consul Discovery
  • Spring Cloud Starter Consul Config
  • Spring Boot Actuator (optional, for monitoring endpoints)

Step 2: Configure Consul

Make sure Consul is installed and running locally on your machine. You can download Consul from the official website (, or you can use Docker to run it:

docker run -d --name=consul-dev -p 8500:8500 consul

Step 3: Configure Spring Boot Application

Add the following configuration to your file to enable Consul integration:${}:${spring.application.instance_id:${random.value}}

Step 4: Create a REST Controller

Create a simple REST controller to demonstrate the service discovery functionality:

Step 5: Run the Application

Run your Spring Boot application. It will register itself with Consul and be available for service discovery.

Step 6: Access the Service

You can access the service registered with Consul by navigating to the Consul web interface at http://localhost:8500 and clicking on the “Services” tab. You should see your service listed there.

Step 7: Configure Consul Key-Value Store (Optional)

Consul provides a key-value store for dynamic configuration. You can use it to store application properties and configurations. To demonstrate this, create a key-value pair in Consul:

  1. Navigate to the “Key/Value” tab in the Consul web interface.
  2. Click on “Create” to add a new key-value pair.
  3. Set the key as my-config/foo and the value as bar.

Step 8: Access Configuration from Consul

You can access configuration properties stored in Consul from your Spring Boot application. Modify your HelloController to use a configuration property:

Step 9: Test the Configuration

Restart your Spring Boot application and access the /hello endpoint. You should see the value of the foo property retrieved from Consul displayed in the response.


In this tutorial, you’ve learned how to set up a Spring Boot application with Consul integration for service registration, discovery, and configuration management. Consul provides a powerful platform for building resilient and scalable microservices architectures. By leveraging Spring Cloud Consul, you can easily integrate Consul features into your Spring Boot applications.

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