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System Class in Java

Exploring the System Class in Java

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  • Post last modified:January 3, 2024

Java is a versatile and powerful programming language known for its extensive standard library, which includes various classes and utilities for interacting with the system and managing application resources. One such essential class is the System class. In this article, we’ll take a deep dive into the System class, understand its significance, and explore its capabilities with practical examples.

The System class is a fundamental part of Java’s core libraries, residing in the java.lang package. It provides access to the system environment, system properties, and input/output streams.

Reading and Writing to Standard Streams

The System class provides the following three standard I/O streams:

  • System.in: This is an input stream (usually connected to the keyboard) that allows you to read data from the console.
  • System.out: This is an output stream (usually connected to the console) for printing data to the console.
  • System.err: This is an output stream (usually connected to the console) for printing error messages.

Time Measurement

Working with System Properties

Environment Variable

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